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Tenure Insecurity

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Cote d'Ivoire

Located in Western Africa, Cote d'Ivoire has a population of 24.3 million, equally divided between rural and urban areas. There is a north-south split between the country’s two agroecological zones: the forest zone to the South and the savannah zone to the North. In 2017, agriculture, forestry and fishing contributed 21% to GDP.

Land disputes were a key factor in the political problems and conflicts Cote d'Ivoire faced between 1999 and 2011. The government has attempted to address some of the land-related problems, e.g., through the 1998 Rural Land Law, which aims to change customary land rights to private property rights regulated by the state. However, conflict and lack of government capacity have prevented the law from being successfully implemented.

Nearly all rural land is held and transferred according to the rules and norms of customary law. The statutory system is applied when land is registered, which is currently the case for less than 2% of rural land. While the Constitution and Rural Land Law establish gender equality as a principle, other laws give the husband the authority to administer and dispose of marital assets in a community-property marriage, the most common form adopted.

Statistical Analysis

Prindex’s results show that 28% of respondents felt insecure about their tenure rights in 2018 – an equivalent of 0.6 million people aged 18 or over, and slightly higher than the average of the first 15 countries. Fifty nine percent of the sample interviewed felt secure about their property rights and the remaining 14% refused or did not know how to answer the question. The highest rates of insecurity were recorded in the regions of Bas-Sassandra and Lacs: in both of these, approximately 41% of respondents were insecure.

The tables and diagrams below show key Prindex results for Cote d'Ivoire or you can download an infographic.


All respondents

All respondents

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Analysing Tenure Insecurity by category

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Income adequacy


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