The United Kingdom comprises four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The central government is in England, and each of the other countries have their own devolved governments with varying powers. It has a temperate climate, warmer and wetter in the west, and drier but cooler to the east. In 2016, over 70% of land was used for agriculture, but this sector was only a fraction of GDP, less than 1%, and employed only 1% of the work force.
The Land Registry in the UK has separate agencies for Northern Ireland and Scotland, and a joint agency for England and Wales. Some land-related laws also differ between the countries.
Access to, and affordability of, land and housing are key challenges facing the UK. In many parts of the country, earnings are not enough for average full-time workers to purchase housing and can be insufficient to rent. This problem is fuelled by lack of housing in areas of high demand and property speculation. Concentration of land ownership is also a problem in parts of the UK. For example, in Scotland, significant areas of the country are owned by a small number of individuals and organisations, and there are concerns they may be abusing their monopoly on land