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Tenure Insecurity

Low High

Insufficient data


Uganda is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region. Over 75% of the Uganda’s 44 million people live in rural areas, but this is changing as the urban population is growing at 5.8% per year, more than twice the rate of the rural population. The vast majority (69%) of Uganda’s labour force work in agriculture and it accounted for nearly 25% of GDP in 2017.

The 1995 Constitution states that land in Uganda should be owned in one of four land tenure systems: customary, freehold, mailo (a form of customary freehold) and leasehold. The majority of land is held under customary tenure. There has been a series of legal and policy reforms to improve property rights and resource governance since 1995. These include the Land Act (1998), and more recent policies such as a National Land Use Policy approved in 2008 and a Land (Amendment) Bill in November 2009. Control over land, however, remains inequitably distributed across the country, between income groups and by gender.

Prindex’s results show that 26% of respondents felt insecure about their tenure rights in 2018 – an equivalent of 5.3 million people aged 18 or over – slightly higher than the average for the first 33 countries. 62% of the sample interviewed felt secure about their property rights and the remaining 12% refused or did not know how to answer the question.

The tables and diagrams below show key Prindex results for Uganda or you can download an infographic.


All respondents

All respondents

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Analysing Tenure Insecurity by category

Tenure type
Employment type
Income adequacy


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