Drag to explore the map

Tenure Insecurity

Low High

Insufficient data


Morocco is a northern African country with a climate ranging from forests in the mountainous areas to deserts in the southeast. 62% of the 36.2 million inhabitants (2018) live in urban areas. It is a lower middle-income country with a GDP per capita of nearly US$7,500 in 2017. Despite improvements, rural poverty remains a problem. Agricultural productivity is a key issue; 38% of the population work in agriculture, forestry and fishing but it only contributed 12% to GDP (2017).

The legal environment for land in Morocco is diverse and fragmented, with both formal and customary arrangements. The laws recognise four main tenure types: ownership, which can be either private freehold (melk) land or endowed (habous) land; usufruct rights to collective land, where the state is trustee of the land and tribal members have usage rights; use rights to guich land, which was given to members of the military by the monarchy; and State land, such as parks, shores and forests. The majority of land owners in Morocco are male and, while law reforms have led to improvements in women’s rights — for example, to marital property and inheritance — preference of men’s rights over women’s remains.

Prindex’s results show that 21% of respondents felt insecure about their tenure rights in 2018 – an equivalent of 5.2 million people aged 18 or over – slightly lower than the average for the first 33 countries. 68% of the sample interviewed felt secure about their property rights and the remaining 11% refused or did not know how to answer the question.

The tables and diagrams below show key Prindex results for Morocco or you can download an infographic.


All respondents

All respondents

Filter data

Analysing Tenure Insecurity by category

Tenure type
Employment type
Income adequacy


In partnership with