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Tenure Insecurity

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Morocco

Morocco is a northern African country with a climate ranging from forests in the mountainous areas to deserts in the southeast. 62% of the 36.2 million inhabitants (2018) live in urban areas. It is a lower middle-income country with a GDP per capita of nearly US$7,500 in 2017. Despite improvements, rural poverty remains a problem. Agricultural productivity is a key issue; 38% of the population work in agriculture, forestry and fishing but it only contributed 12% to GDP (2017).

The legal environment for land in Morocco is diverse and fragmented, with both formal and customary arrangements. The laws recognise four main tenure types: ownership, which can be either private freehold (melk) land or endowed (habous) land; usufruct rights to collective land, where the state is trustee of the land and tribal members have usage rights; use rights to guich land, which was given to members of the military by the monarchy; and State land, such as parks, shores and forests. The majority of land owners in Morocco are male and, while law reforms have led to improvements in women’s rights — for example, to marital property and inheritance — preference of men’s rights over women’s remains.

Prindex’s results show that 21% of respondents felt insecure about their tenure rights in 2018 – an equivalent of 5.2 million people aged 18 or over – slightly lower than the average for the first 33 countries. 68% of the sample interviewed felt secure about their property rights and the remaining 11% refused or did not know how to answer the question.

The tables and diagrams below show key Prindex results for Morocco or you can download an infographic.

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All respondents

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Analysing Tenure Insecurity by category

Location
Tenure type
Documentation
Properties
Gender
Age
Employment type
Income adequacy

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