Wave 1 & 2
Our 2018 questionnaire measures respondents’ tenure security by posing nearly 60 questions in six core modules. It also includes two additional front-end modules that capture details on the respondents’ key characteristics and record permission to use their data.
Key areas of enquiry (Table 1) include information on tenure rights the respondents have over their home, their perceptions of their tenure security, the documentation they possess to substantiate their rights, benefits conferred by tenure security, tenure rights to other properties and perceptions of tenure security of these, and experience of tenure insecurity and perceptions of tenure security at a national level.
Table 1 – Details of tenure insecurity captured through the Wave 1 & 2 Prindex questionnaire
The questionnaire was reviewed by Prindex’s Technical Advisory Group (TAG), which included representatives from the academic and civil society research communities with considerable individual and institutional expertise in researching tenure issues and designing perception-based survey instruments.
The questionnaire was tested through multi-country testing rounds to assess the distribution of responses to individual questions and covariation with other answers. These helped identify the most consistently robust questions and remove redundant ones from the questionnaire. Test rounds have also been used to compare the effects of increasing sample size and the number of sampling units, and identify meaningful subgroup differences (e.g. gender, age or education).
The questionnaires were localised to ensure that the questions can be understood unambiguously, particularly in relation to types of documentation. This means we:
- Devised nationally-relevant response options for a small number of questions (e.g. lists of applicable documentation); and
- Translated the questionnaire into the local languages.
Gallup World Poll (GWP)
The questionnaires we used for the GWP data collection are condensed versions of the 2018 questionnaire. Key areas of enquiry (Table 2) include information on tenure rights the respondents have over their home and other land or property, along with their perceptions of their tenure security and documentation they possess to substantiate their rights. As the questionnaire was a module in the Gallup World Poll, the respondents were also asked a range of questions on their and their household’s characteristics. One questionnaire was used for face-to-face interviews and another was used for telephone interviews.
Table 2 – Details of tenure insecurity captured through the GWP questionnaire