Findings so far

Our first PRIndex report found that almost 25% of the respondents globally surveyed in the pilot phase feel their property rights are at risk. However, the levels of perceived tenure security may vary significantly among different countries. For instance, while in Egypt 17% percent of the population is concerned that their tenure rights are insecure or somewhat insecure, the same figure reaches 31% for Nigeria.

In the 2017 round, we found that across Colombia, India and Tanzania between a quarter and third of respondents perceived themselves to be insecure depending upon the question. While differences between the tenure perceptions of women and men were not pronounced overall, the gulf widened when in their answers to questions about how contingent their tenure security was on their marital status.

A key finding from our first round was that the level of self-reported tenure insecurity varied depending on the phrasing of the questions and answers put to respondents. Our second test in late 2017 looked into this issue by comparing the responses to different questions and selecting the one where answers were most aligned with answers to other questions, and that respondents could answer most easily. A methodology that we used to select questions for the current version of the questionnaire will be available on this page soon.


PRIndex Analytical Report 2017: Findings from 3-country test in Colombia, India and Tanzania

This report is based on a 3-country study in Colombia, India, and Tanzania. The primary aim of this study was to identify the best way to measure tenure security in advance of a full-scale roll-out of PRIndex in 2018-2019. A secondary purpose was to validate prior test results by producing more precise estimates of tenure security through collection of larger samples drawn from an increased number of clusters. The report highlights the survey’s findings on overall security of tenure in the three countries, alongside the factors that drive insecurity overall, and for different groups of people in each country. Please note that the figures presented in this report are not directly comparable to those presented in previous reports because we use different methods to calculate tenure security.

Please click on the link below to download the dataset and response options for each country and for all three countries. The folder includes the questionnaire file, the codebook and the country-specific data, as well as explanations and answer choices of the dataset title headings. 

Download data folder

To download the accompanying methodological report that focuses on our approach to identifying the optimal way of measuring tenure security and compares these results to the prior round of testing, please click here.

2016 Testing of a New Survey Module on Perceptions of Land Tenure Security in Nine Countries

This new report in collaboration with Gallup presents results from the initial phase of survey testing in 2016. The study focuses on respondents' perceptions of the likelihood they could lose the right to live in their home and their possession (or lack thereof) of property documents that could help protect those rights. Results reveal a range of perceptions of tenure security across countries, and a mix of results about the relationship of documentation and perceptions of security. 

Please click here for data files for the nine country study. Note that the figures presented in this report are not directly comparable to those presented in the latest report because we use different methods to calculate tenure security.

Building a secure future: perceptions of property rights in India (2016)

The idea behind this initial survey is simple: to find out if people in India are worried about their existing property rights or lack of them - whether women or men, owners or tenants, in cities or in villages. 

The survey results reveal that insecurity of property rights is widespread in India. At the same time, the results offer cause for optimism about the potential to solve the problem.